Patients with cancer at the end of life may suffer from high psychological distress, a sense of demoralization, and a lack of dignity related to their medical condition. The This Is ME (TIME) Questionnaire and the Patient Dignity Question (PDQ) are clinical tools developed to achieve comprehensive and personalized patient care and to deepen our understanding of personhood. The objective of this study was to translate and validate the TIME Questionnaire, which contains the PDQ, into Italian to evaluate patient satisfaction of the Italian version of these tools and to identify essential themes elicited by the tools.
Methods: The validation process consisted of a forward and back translation stage, data collection from a sample of 60 patients with terminal cancer, and a final consultation with a panel of experts to identify patient themes using the results of the tool.
Results: Overall, participants felt that the PDQ/TIME questionnaire captured their essence as a person, allowed them to express their values and beliefs, and helped the health care professionals (HCP) to take better care of them. Content analysis identified “family relationships,” “global pain,” and “family roles and accomplishments” as being of most importance to patients.
Significance of results: The Italian versions of the PDQ/TIME Questionnaire are clear, precise, understandable, and focused on understanding personhood in patients with advanced cancer. These tools should be used to proactively enhance patient-caregiver and patient-HCP relationships and to develop new perspectives of patient care focused on the critical dimension of personhood.
Authors: Andrea Bovero, Francesca Cotardo, Alessandra Loreta Cito, Alexa Victoria Pidinchedda, Sara Pesce, Harvey Max Chochinov, Sara Carletto
Journal: Palliative & supportive care
Date published: 2023 Sep 6
Bovero A, Cotardo F, Cito AL, Pidinchedda AV, Pesce S, Chochinov HM, Carletto S. The Italian versions of the This Is ME Questionnaire and the Patient Dignity Question: Understanding personhood and supporting dignity in patients with terminal cancer. Palliat Support Care. 2023 Sep 6:1-7. doi: 10.1017/S1478951523001281. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37671583.